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The Greenhouse effect is a natural process that causes the warming up of the earth’s surface to sustain life. A greenhouse is generally a vast building that houses different kinds of plants and has large windows of glass facing the direction of the sun. When the sun’s rays strike these windows, it passes through them because glass is transparent to the sun’s heat, or in other words, it allows sunlight to pass through it. These rays that thus touch the windows will either be absorbed by it or reflected back into space. This heat that is absorbed through the glass can emerge in the form of heat waves that are not able to escape back out through the windows. They instead are trapped inside and used to keep the greenhouse warm even if the temperature outside is colder, which is essential for the plants to grow. Something similar happens with our Earth as well. When the sun’s ray’s fall on the atmosphere, some of it is reflected back to space while the rest is absorbed by certain gases present in the atmosphere, known as greenhouse gases which include water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, ozone etc. These gases play the role of the window and help to absorb and trap the heat waves and release it in all directions of the earth’s surface. This process of energy absorption keeps the earth’s temperature at around 33 degree Celsius warmer than it would be otherwise, which is necessary for life to survive on the planet.
There are some factors that affect the greenhouse effect and the amount of heat absorbed.


-For instance, the type of surface touched upon by the sunlight plays a role in how much sunlight is absorbed by the atmosphere. This is known as ‘albedo’ and generally, snow-covered areas reflect more heat than hot deserts. Lighter surfaces absorb more heat than darker ones.

– Another factor that determines the warming of the earth’s surface is how much energy is received from the sun.
-Further, the composition of greenhouse gasses also influences the amount of heat absorbed. Generally, the presence of more greenhouse gases will increase the temperature.

Today this increased composition of greenhouse gases is slowly becoming a problem by increasing the Earth’s temperature far beyond what is necessary. This overheating of the planet is known as global warming and is hugely responsible for climate change and the problems that come with it. Human activities are greatly responsible for global warming because it is our careless polluting of the environment, burning of fossils etc. that has increased the number of greenhouse gases present in the atmosphere which further leads to a higher absorption of heat. Experts all over the world are at present trying to control the situation at hand by reducing pollution and degradation of our environment and the emission of these greenhouse gases as much as possible. Progress has however been slow, and hopefully, we will yield more positive results in the future for otherwise, global warming is a phenomenon that can rid the planet of all live surviving on it, which of course, includes the entirety of the human race.

Greenhouse effect


The ‘greenhouse effect’ is an atmospheric heating phenomenon in which the Earth encounters a rise in temperature in light of the fact that specific gases (water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane) in the atmosphere let incoming sunlight to go through and trap the warmth transmitted from the earth’s surface. In the event that these gases wouldn’t be trapped warm in the atmosphere, the temperature of the earth would be around 33 degrees centigrade colder. As these gases warm our planet, they are called as greenhouse gases and the effect they leave in the atmosphere is called as greenhouse effect. At the point when the thermal radiation (or heat) arrives from the sun, some of it is reflected back from the surface of the Earth by the ozone layer (which is the reason we can safely stay out in the sun, is this keeps the most hazardous radiation from the sun entering the atmosphere), leaving just some heat to endure to warm the Earth. This heat at that point ascends back through the atmosphere, however its majority gets caught by the greenhouse gases, which makes it stay in the Earth’s atmosphere and leaves Earth warm and suitable for life.


The greenhouse effect plays a major role in keeping the earth warm, without which Earth would become cold and not suitable for existence of human life. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that is hundreds of centuries old. It assumes a basic part in controlling the general temperature of the Earth. The greenhouse effect was first found by Joseph Fourier out of 1827, tentatively confirmed by John Tyndall in 1861, and experimented by Svante Arrhenius in 1896.

In spite of the fact that the greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon and is one reason that life can exist on Earth (as greenhouse gases keep the surface of the Earth sufficiently warm for us to live here: without them the Earth would be around 33 degrees centigrade colder on average), the greenhouse effect is getting worse causing problems for life on earth. This is having effects that are causing issues, such as, global warming, where the average temperature of the Earth is consistently ascending throughout the years. Some of the cause for this are-

  • Excessive usage and burning of fossil fuels release carbon into the earth’s atmosphere which has been otherwise stored in different forms in earth.
  • Excessive farming or using unsustainable methods in farming to increase the crop for extra profits and to meet the ever increasing demand.
  • Large scale deforestation and cutting down of some of the biggest forests on earth cause an imbalance in the earth’s atmosphere.
  • Rise in population resulted in excessive use of different resources such as fuel, gas, transport, house, etc.


How Greenhouse effect is beneficial for your garden


Greenhouses can be both a beautiful and useful structure for you. Greenhouses primarily serve as a thick shield between the outside world and what you are growing on the inside. You can provide shelter, prevent the excess heat or cold from harming your plants and also prevent insects and other pests from damaging your plants. The main idea behind greenhouse effect is to trap heat on the inside. The structure of the house prevents the flow of thermal energy from escaping the house but traps all the sunlight that enters the structure. If your structure gets heated up too much, you can regulate it by adding more plants or by introducing a cooling system.

The following are some of the advantages of greenhouse gardening:

Plants will grow in a protected environment:

Unlike your plants that grow in your backyard, your greenhouse plants will not be exposed to direct sunlight or face the threats of pests and insects. The greenhouse structure protects the plants and creates a haven for all your plants. Especially when you want to grow plants which are very sensitive to the climate and other external factors. Even when there is heavy rainfall or a high winds you need not worry about safeguarding your plants as they are safe inside the greenhouse.


Serves as a multipurpose room:

You can have all your plants in the greenhouse and help them enjoy a regulated temperature. But at the same time, the greenhouse serves as a place where you can store your gardening tools and other pieces of equipment. You can plant a variety of plants, and there is no restriction on the type of plants you want to keep in the greenhouse.

Grow your fruits and vegetables:

If you are worried about eating fruits and vegetables from the markets as they might be contaminated with lots of pesticides and other harmful chemicals, you can grow these vegetables in your greenhouse. The products produced in your greenhouse will be fresh and free from any chemicals. You can also reduce your grocery bills and also grow your favourite vegetable or fruit which may not be available in the market at that time of the year.

Good health:

Greenhouse products not only cut down your budget but it also helps you maintain a healthy diet. When you grow plants in the greenhouse, you have complete control of the environment of the plant. Unlike commercial farms, you will not be using pesticides and toxic chemicals. As you grow them in your house, you have the opportunity to grow fresh products.

Saves energy:

When you use a greenhouse to grow plants you can save up a lot of water as you are regulating the thermal condition of the structure. It brings about an environmentally friendly lifestyle, and you can work together as a family at the greenhouse.

Different Types of Greenhouses


Greenhouses are best known for serving as a safety net between your plants, trees and nature itself. It allows for more productivity when it comes to growing these plants and trees as a greenhouse is focused on extending certain seasons and perhaps even making some seasons shorter. It also allows for seasons to be improved, as well as the conditions of which plants normally live and grow in. It provides protection against the cold and forces of nature while sustaining these plants for longer periods than usual.

Looking at the term ‘greenhouse effect’ however, is a much more serious term than most people think and involves all the different effects that the global environment has on plant species, trees and fungi.

The greenhouse is designed to keep the heat inside and in cases where, in certain countries, the heat is too severe, keep the plant-life cool and keep it from dying because of its conditions.

Types of Greenhouses

If you’re thinking of starting a greenhouse of your own, then the first thing you need to take into consideration is what type of plants or plant or plant-species you would like to grow.

The temperature is the first and biggest aspect you need to consider before starting a greenhouse.

Cold Houses – Yes, we’re still referring to a greenhouse, just a different type of greenhouse, however. These greenhouses have temperatures that usually fall below freezing levels but still provides protection for plants. These greenhouses do not have any added heat systems installed and uses its cold temperatures to extend the growing season of Spring. It allows crops to thus grow earlier and during Fall, allow for crops to grow for longer periods.

Warm Houses – Reaching temperatures of roughly 55-degree Fahrenheit, these greenhouses allow for plants to survive during some of the coldest winters and allow them to grow into their optimal state.

Cool Houses – Much to be confused with a cold house, cool houses reach temperatures between 45 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit and maintains temperatures above a freezing level which allows for plants to survive in colder locations.

Hot Houses – With temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit, hot houses are used for the maintenance and sustainability of tropical plants due to fact that they need much more heat than other plants.




Factors that Need to be Considered before Building these Greenhouses

Although many types of greenhouses are fairly simple and don’t require a lot of maintenance, there are also those that are quite complex and requires a lot more assistance to be able to grow in certain conditions. In order to grow into its optimal state, all plant species need the perfect water, moisture and temperature levels. Everything from its design, materials and the way the greenhouse faces the sunlight, matters.

A greenhouse is simply a structure that takes care of the health, growth and longevity of our plants, especially in extreme weather conditions.


The Most Magical Greenhouses


Also referred to as a glasshouse, chances are you might have heard about a greenhouse before. These perfectly designed structures are built and designed for the protection of plants that grow out of season but want to be grown all year round. It is also perfect for the sustainability and growth of tender plants that are vulnerable to either excessive heat or cold.

Over the years, greenhouses have evolved immensely and have been upgraded from its first version in the 17th century, being ordinary built with brick structures or timber-like shelters, to a complete glass structure that allowed for proper forms of heating that evolved into roofed, as well as wall-structures that are built with the minimal wooden or metal skeleton. In the 19th century, greenhouses even evolved into a climate-controlled refuge for all types of plant species and with ever-growing technologies, who knows what greenhouses might do in the future.

The Top Greenhouses in the World

The New York Botanical Garden

As one of the most beautiful sites in New York and definitely considered a must-see as a tourist destination, the New York Botanical Garden is considered to have one of the best greenhouses in the world. Along with many gardens, this conservative area is divided into several biomes that are filled with many different plant species. Definitely a must-see.

Walt Disney World

Want to view a greenhouse with a major informative structure and set up? Visit the Walt Disney World Greenhouses which are all kid-friendly and a great outing for the family. Situated in Florida, this park houses many different greenhouses which include the Temperate Greenhouse, the Tropics Greenhouse, as well as the Creative Greenhouse and Production Greenhouse. These sites also include 59-foot Mickey Mouse-shaped pumpkins and tall peach palms and sweet potatoes that grow without soil. Yes, you heard correctly. An adventure awaits!

disney world

Eden Project

Situated over the Atlantic Ocean in the UK, this greenhouse includes a form of horticultural attraction that grows out of a quarry. Open since 2001, this greenhouse is another one for the books and allows for a great adventure. It features the Rainforest Biome and is kept at 90% humidity, with a temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit. This biome is higher than 50 metres tall, growing taller than the Statue of Liberty and stimulates a somewhat jungle feel that includes more than 1,000 different plant species.

City Winter Garden

Situated in the capital of Finland, Helsinki, this wondrous oasis stays green, even through the winter. It houses over 200 different plant species, all together in three unique rooms that include the palm room, the Western room, as well as a room specifically dedicated to housing cacti and various other desert plants.

Personalised Gifts


The gift giving experience these days has changed and has become more personalised. That being said, giving a great gift to someone who loves biology and nature can be a daunting task because it’s not something that can easily be found. Well, fret not because this article will give you all the details about giving the perfect biology related gift on the market today.

  1. Plant Leviosa

LYFE levitating plant is one of the best gifts to give a nature lover because it caters to both the biological side as well as the scientific side of your receiver. Not only does your plant get 360-degree sunlight due to the magnets that help the plant hover over the base but also gives you a zero-gravity experience.

  1. Designer Notebooks

Does your friend love using notebooks with recycled paper; well, in that case, this is the best gift to give them. Not only is recycled paper used in these but the hardcover notebooks also have a satin waterproof coating. It’s a product that will truly make any nature lover feel excited.

  1. Dinosphere

Dinosphere are the best gift to give someone who loves snow globes. This is basically a sphere that contains thousands of non-toxic planktons which react to shaking and glow in the night due to the kinetic energy that they gain.

  1. Green Flip-flops

These flip-flops feel like walking on freshly cut grass during spring, the flip-flops look extremely cool and quite literally put the green in green products. Also, did we mention they are super cool, well we are only repeating ourselves because of how fabulous they feel and how incredible they look.


  1. Image mugs

The image mugs have started to become every coffee lovers dream, all you have to do is pour your hot beverage into this mug and wait for the magic to happen. The mugs are made out of special ink that activates due to heat. This a cool gift in general but adding a dinosaur in the mix always makes anything way cooler.

There are many different products that you can go for, but the most important thing is to understand the person who is going to receive the gift. Maybe they won’t want such a cool gift, maybe all they want to do is visit the zoo or go on a bird watch expedition. So our advice is to give them what they want and not what you think they want. Happy shopping!

What are the Uses of the Greenhouse?


The greenhouse is a setting which is made so that plants which need a warmer temperature can grow well in the greenhouse environment. The greenhouse is also called also as a hothouse. The temperature of the greenhouse is made warmer by structuring the roof and the walls of the greenhouse with a transparent glass which traps all the heat from the sun in the greenhouse itself. Thus, if you want to grow a vegetable or a plant which requires a higher temperature for its growth you can create a greenhouse even in your backyard if you happen to have enough space. Having a greenhouse can help you grow vegetables and other plants even during off seasons. Summer crops can be grown in winter and plants which require special attention can be cultivated in the greenhouse. Having a greenhouse is very advantageous, and you can grow lots of vegetables and plants which would not grow in outside temperatures.


The following are some of the uses of a greenhouse:

  • Extend your growing season.
  • You can grow plants all over the year.
  • The greenhouse is an excellent shelter for plants.
  • Propagations and care.

Extend your growing season:

Many vegetables do not get ripened due to the frost. If you happen to have a greenhouse, then you can simply bring the vegetables into the greenhouse, and your vegetables will mature very quickly. For example, tomatoes often do not get ripened when kept outside due to the frost so that you can bring the potatoes into the greenhouse and your potatoes will ripen in just a few days. As greenhouse provides your vegetable plants a warmer temperature, there will be no issues in the ripening of the vegetables or fruits.

You can grow plants all over the year:

Plants grow best in certain seasons. Each plant has a particular season in which it grows well. Some need a colder climate while others need a warmer temperature. So, depending on what season it is the plants grow accordingly. But with the greenhouse, you will be able to grow plants which grow on summer season even in the winter seasons. With the help of greenhouse, you can make the crops available in all seasons of the year.

The greenhouse is a good shelter for plants:

Apart from the fact that greenhouse is a perfect way to grow non-seasonal crops, it is also a great shelter for the plants. Even winter plants can be brought inside the greenhouse for protection from the snow or frost.

Propagation and care:

Inside a greenhouse, you do not have a natural pollinator to pollinate the pollens of the flowers. So, you need to pollinate the plants for them to bear fruits manually. There are many racks and tools inside the greenhouse to do this propagation of pollens manually, and you can use them to pollinate the pollens. Doing the propagation manually, can be very interesting, and if you are a person who in into gardening then you will certainly love the job; this also gives you a sense of care.


What are the Best Vegetables to Grow in a Greenhouse?


The greenhouse is the best way to grow off-season crops. The greenhouse setting makes the environment warmer so that the crops can grow better at a warmer temperature. The glass of the greenhouse traps the heat of the sunlight and provide a warm temperature for the plants to grow. The warm temperature, many plants can grow well even if the temperature outside the greenhouse is cooler. There are many plants which grow well in greenhouse gases while others grow well in outside temperatures. You must keep in mind that greenhouse crops do not have the natural pollinators to pollinate the pollen, so you need to do it manually.

Tomatoes and peppers

The following are some of the crops you can grow in a greenhouse:

  • Leafy green vegetables.
  • Tomatoes and peppers.
  • Cucumber.
  • Root vegetables.
  • Carrots.

Leafy green vegetables:

The green leafy vegetables grow well in warmer temperatures, and if you happen to be in a colder country then you can use the greenhouse to grow your leafy vegetables. Spinach and lettuce grow well in warm temperatures. Ideally, you will need about 45 degrees to grow the green leafy vegetables. The spinach must be well watered, and the temperature must be maintained in the greenhouse.  While harvesting the spinach, you must harvest from the stem of the plant.

Tomatoes and peppers:

The tomatoes and peppers are another crops which grow well in a greenhouse or a hothouse. Since the greenhouse needs to be maintained manually with lots of effort you need to make sure that you grow the variety of tomatoes that grow vertically and not horizontally in a bushy way. If you happen to have a leafy vegetable in your greenhouse, then it will be hard for you to maintain the vegetables.


The cucumbers grow well in a greenhouse. The long green cucumbers are harder to produce, and they may shrink, so you need to wrap the cucumber and make sure that it does not shrink. The Beit alpha varieties do not shrink in the greenhouse so you can cultivate the alpha varieties in the greenhouse.

Root Vegetables:

Root vegetables like potatoes grow well in the greenhouse. You must provide better nutritious soil for the growth of potatoes. You can grow the potatoes in the winter and harvest them in the late spring. Beets are also another crop which grows well in a greenhouse. So, if you are a lover of beets, then you can grow them in your greenhouse setting.


The Carrots are extremely easy to grow, and you can grow a lot of them as you need only very less space to grow carrots. The only thing you need to make sure is that you need to provide enough root space for the carrot to grow under the ground. Carrots grow well in average temperatures too, but if you feel that your soil is too wet, then you can consider growing the vegetable in a greenhouse. All you need to make sure is that you provide a ground where the vegetables grow well.

Essential Greenhouse Growing Tips for Beginners

Greenhouse Growing

The greenhouse is an excellent way to grow plants which are very delicate and need special attention with a regulated temperature. By keeping a plant in a greenhouse, you will be able to regulate the temperature and make the plant to grow and bear fruits, and flowers all through the year. If you are interested in gardening and wish you could grow a plant all through the year, then you can consider to have a small greenhouse in the backyard and artificially induce temperature and help the plants grow better.

Greenhouse Growing

So, if you are interested in building a greenhouse in your backyard then, you can follow the below tips to grow plants in the greenhouse:

  • Buy all the Seed supplies you need for a year.
  • Adjusting the lighting system.
  • Heating the environment.
  • Cooling the greenhouse.
  • Ventilating the greenhouse.

Buy all the Seed supplies you need for a year:

One of the best things about the greenhouse is that you can extend your growing seasons. So, make sure that you have all the necessary seed supplies for the entire year.  Once you have the necessary seeds, you can plant them whenever you want by regulating the temperature. You will have to invest in some containers, sterile soil, fertilizers, and water. You can also get additional heat sources in case the temperature outside becomes very cold.

Adjusting the light system:

Few plants need high-temperature other plants need only less temperature. Depending on the plant kept in the greenhouse you need to maintain the temperature of the greenhouse. All plants need light to prepare food. Without light, the photosynthesis process does not happen. So, a little amount of light needs to be provided for the plants to grow.  If you feel that there is not enough sunlight on the outside to heat up the greenhouse, then you can artificially provide light sources for the plants inside the hothouse.

Heating the environment:

Depending on the temperature your plants need, you can control the heating of the greenhouse.  There are many heating devices available in the market which can heat up the greenhouse. Make sure that you are maintaining an optimum temperature so that the plants do not get overheated.

Cooling the greenhouse:

If you feel that your greenhouse is heated up too much then, have cooling systems to cool up the environment.  Sometimes during summer when the sunlight is too much the greenhouse can get heated up too much so you will have to lower the temperature of the greenhouse. If the greenhouse keeps heating up continuously, then it is not good for the growth of the plants. Some plants can die due to overheating.

Ventilating the greenhouse:

Depending upon the season you are in you need to adjust the ventilation of the greenhouse. During summer you need to keep the vents open for air circulation. During winter you need to make sure that you do not overwater the plants that it clogs the soil.

List of Most Popular Flowers to Grow in a Greenhouse


The greenhouse has many benefits. By having a warmer environment, you can grow flowering plants all through the year. The temperature of the greenhouse is made warmer by structuring the roof and the walls of the greenhouse with a transparent glass which traps all the heat from the sun in the greenhouse itself. The benefit of having a greenhouse is that you will be able to have flowering plants all through the year in every season. There are many botanical gardens which have a greenhouse to sustain the growth of the flowering plants so that the flowers are present in every season. Many tourist places which are located in cold hilly regions have a greenhouse to grow flowers so that whenever the tourists visit the garden, they will find flowers.

Amazon lilies

The following are some of the traditional flowers to grow in a greenhouse:

  • Amazon lilies.
  • Chinese Hibiscus.
  •  Roses.
  •  Orchids.

Amazon lilies:

The Amazon lilies are gorgeous and have a great fragrance that spreads across the room. These lilies grow up to two feet in height, and the fragrance fills up the greenhouse. The Amazon lilies need about 70 degrees to grow and bear flowers. Being a tropical plant, it needs high temperature to grow, and the greenhouse provides the exact temperature for the growth of the plant. These plans should not be over watered, and it must be kept in sunlight for about 8 hours a day. If you are not able to provide sunlight to the plants, then you need to provide artificial light to the plant so that it can grow better.

Chinese Hibiscus:

The Chinese Hibiscus are very colorful, and with the slightest drop in the temperature, the plants can get destroyed. So, you need to maintain these plants in a place which has a warm temperature which is maintained at all times. The plant produces brightly colored flowers, and though the Chinese Hibiscus may look very pretty, the flowers may last only for a day or two. You also need to provide a good nutritious soil for the Chinese Hibiscus to grow well.


Roses are one of the flowers which are loved by everyone. It is very attractive and has an excellent fragrance which spreads all over the greenhouse. Unfortunately, the rose plants do not grow well in cold climate. So, you need to keep these in the greenhouse if you want rose flowers during the winter. A good amount of sunlight is required so if you are in a place which does not provide much sunlight then you can artificially provide sunlight thought a bulb or some other light source.


Orchids are very delicate to any change in the climate. Colder climate can damage the plant and also too much warmth can destroy the plant. They need a moderate climate so even if you keep the plant inside the greenhouse you need to make sure that you maintain an optimum temperature. They need to be kept at 70 degrees, and the plants can bear a maximum temperature of 80 degrees.


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